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How to configure and design courtyard lights

by:CHZ     2021-07-09
The object of garden lighting is different from indoor lighting and architectural environment lighting. Its main purpose is to enhance the effect of scenery and create a night landscape. Therefore, in terms of the type of light source, a light source with better direction and control capability should be selected as much as possible, and ordinary floodlighting lamps should be reduced.

Different positions in the garden have quite different lighting requirements. In order to show the beautiful shapes of the buildings, sculptures, flowers, trees, mountains and rocks in the garden, the lighting method should be different according to the scene, and the projection light should also be based on The strengths and weaknesses can be changed as needed to show their respective charms at night; the street lights on both sides of the park road should have uniform and continuous illumination to meet the needs of safety.

In order to make the small space appear bigger, you can only illuminate the necessary parts and put the rest in the shadow; for the large outdoor space, the treatment method is the opposite, which will make the big space feel intimacy.

Outdoor lighting should be cautious to use the dimmer on the light source. In most garden lamps that use incandescent lamps as the light source, the use of dimmers will make the light yellowish and cast a layer of yellow on the illuminated objects. Especially for plants, it will appear a morbid state and lose the original vitality.

It is also best to use color filters or color LEDs sparingly, because the light projected by them will produce a sense of distortion, which will cause some kind of unreality to plants. Of course, the sky blue filter is an exception. It can eliminate the yellow tint in the incandescent lamp and turn the light into a pleasant blue-white light. A small filter or other accessories will actually make a huge change in the entire landscape, which needs to be paid attention to in the design.

The brightness of the light should be determined according to the needs of the activity and to ensure safety. Too bright or too dark will cause discomfort to visitors. The lighting design should pay special attention to glare. Hiding the lamps in the flowers and trees can provide the necessary lighting without causing glare.
To determine the lighting range of the light, you must also consider the location of the luminaire, that is, the height, angle and light distribution of the luminaire, and the size, brightness and darkness of the shadow formed during lighting must be coordinated with the environment and atmosphere to facilitate the use of light and shadow to set off the nature , To create a certain scene and atmosphere. All of these should be carefully observed in the surrounding space during the day, and through calculation and adjustment to determine the best landscape lighting effect. The following introduces several common scenery lighting:

Projection lighting of trees
1. Floodlights are generally placed on the ground, and the arrangement is determined according to the type and appearance of the trees;
2. If you want to illuminate a higher position on the tree, you can place a metal pole with the same height as the irradiation position next to the tree to install the lamp;
3. Install a string of low-power incandescent bulbs or LED lamp beads on the main branches of the deciduous tree to obtain a decorative effect;
4. For the floodlights that must be installed on the tree, the installation ring attached to the tree branch must be able to adjust according to the growth law of the plant;
5. The lighting of trees should be artistic.

Lighting of flower beds
1. For flower beds on the ground level, the so-called magic valley type lamps are used to illuminate downwards. The lamps are often placed in the center or edge of the flower beds. The height of the lamps depends on the height of the flowers;

2. Light sources commonly used incandescent lamps, compact fluorescent lamps, metal halide lamps and LED light sources, using light sources with a relatively high color rendering index.

Decorative lighting for sculptures and statues
1. The number and arrangement of lighting points depend on the type of target being illuminated;
2. Determine the location of the luminaire according to the location of the illuminated target and its surrounding environment:
3. For statues, always photograph the subject part of the face and the front of the image. When choosing the irradiation direction, avoid shadows on the statue's face;
4. For some sculptures, the color of the light must be coordinated with the color of the sculpture material.

Waterscape lighting
1. Lighting of still water and lake: lamps can illuminate the scene on the shore, which can form a reflection on the water; for objects on the shore, you can use floodlights immersed in the water to illuminate; for dynamic water surfaces, you can use floodlights Irradiate the water directly;
2. Lighting of the fountain: In the case of water jets, install the floodlights behind the spout in the pool or when the water falls below the drop point in the pool, or install lights in both places. The three primary colors of red, blue and yellow are often used, followed by green;
3. Lighting for waterfalls: For water flows and waterfalls, lamps should be installed at the bottom of where the water flows.

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