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Problems in the maintenance of solar street lights

by:CHZ     2021-07-09
Installation of solar street lights As the country's new energy is increasing, the number of installations is increasing. There are also some problems in the use and maintenance of solar lights. In view of these common problems, the following analysis is made:
Solar panels are the most important component of solar street lights. However, in actual sales, the quality of solar panels cannot be controlled and tested, and their service life cannot be guaranteed.
The life of solar panels depends on the packaging method. Qualified solar panels manufactured strictly by the layer village process can last up to 25 to 30 years. However, most of the solar panels produced in my country currently use epoxy resin. 'Epoxy resin' sealing process, the epoxy resin will turn yellow and white under ultraviolet light. The actual life of solar cell components is only 1 to 2 years. Even if the improved epoxy resin can make the life more than 2 years, it is still Can not meet the requirements of use, and some do not even reach the 'energy payback period'. Even though some solar cell modules use the lamination process, these solar cell modules use ordinary glass with poor light transmission and poor packaging materials such as EVA. In addition, the packaging is not strictly in accordance with the process requirements, and it is rare that the service life exceeds 4 years.

The solar cell module is composed of multiple solar cell modules. If a solar cell is individually shielded during use, the solar cell will heat and be damaged under the strong solar light, thus causing the entire solar cell The component is damaged, which is the so-called heat island effect. Even if the solar cell module is placed obliquely and installed with bird-proof needles, it cannot completely prevent the attachment of leaves, bird droppings or other obstructions, which requires workers to clean the solar cell panels frequently. In addition, it is necessary to check the tightness of all installed parts regularly. In case of abnormal weather such as hail, wind, and rain, protective measures should be taken in time. This kind of work consumes more time, manpower and material resources than the normal maintenance of conventional street lights.
Due to the extremely unstable output energy of solar panels, batteries are required to work normally. At present, the service life of a normal battery is 2 to 3 years, and during its life cycle, the charging and discharging of the battery should be checked frequently, and the electrodes or wiring should be observed at any time for corrosion or poor contact. In addition, in some simple systems, the power consumption should be controlled according to the energy storage situation to prevent the battery from being damaged due to over-discharge. If abnormal conditions are found, they should be checked and repaired immediately. Coupled with other equipment (such as controller) failure inspection, it can be imagined that if the battery life problem is not completely solved, its maintenance will be an extremely heavy work. If the number is large, it will inevitably affect the lighting rate and the timely maintenance rate of the LED solar street lights, resulting in great safety precautions.
The research and development of solar street lights has a long way to go. Our photovoltaic personnel must continue to develop solar accessories that can make solar street lights use longer, so that they can be called long-life new energy lighting street lights.


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